- vt. （用挖泥船等）疏浚；（用拖捞网等）捞取；（在食物上）撒（面粉等）
- vi. 疏浚，挖掘；采捞
- n. 挖泥船，疏浚机；拖捞网
来自drag, 拉，拼写受-dge影响，见bridge, judge, knowledge. 引申义拉沙，疏通，疏浚。
- dredge: English has two distinct words dredge, neither with a particularly well-documented past. Dredge ‘clear mud, silt, etc from waterway’  may be related in some way to the 15thcentury Scottish term dreg-boat, and similarities have been pointed out with Middle Dutch dregghe ‘drag-net’, although if the two are connected, it is not clear who borrowed from whom.
It has also been suggested that it is related ultimately to drag. Dredge ‘sprinkle with sugar, flour, etc’  is a verbal use based on a now obsolete noun dredge, earlier dradge, which meant ‘sweet’. This was borrowed from Old French dragie (its modern French descendant gave English dragée ), which may be connected in some way to Latin tragēmata and Greek tragémata ‘spices, condiments’ (these Latin and Greek terms, incidentally, may play some part in the obscure history of English tracklements ‘condiments to accompany meat’ , which the English food writer Dorothy Hartley claimed to have ‘invented’ on the basis of an earlier – but unrecorded – dialect word meaning more generally ‘appurtenances’).
- dredge (n.)
- late 15c., in Scottish dreg-boat "boat for dredging," perhaps ultimately from root of drag (possibly via Middle Dutch dregghe "drag-net"). The verb is attested from c. 1500 in Scottish. Related: Dredged; dredging.
- 1. I wouldn't want to dredge up the past.
- 2. He managed to dredge up a smile.
- 3. They have to dredge the canal so that ships can use it.
- 4. Ritter also explained how to dredge information from local newspaper.
- 5. Why try to dredge up the sad facts of the past?
- 过去的伤心事何必重提 呢 ?
[ dredge 造句 ]