英 ['pens(ə)l; -sɪl]
- n. 铅笔；笔状物
- vt. 用铅笔写；用眉笔涂
- vi. 成铅笔状
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- pencil:  Etymologically, a pencil is a ‘little penis’. It originally denoted a ‘paintbrush’ – the current sense ‘writing implement filled with a graphite rod’ did not emerge until the 17th century – and came via Old French pincel from Vulgar Latin *pēnicellum, an alteration of Latin pēnicillum ‘paintbrush’. This was a diminutive form of pēniculus ‘brush’, which was in turn a diminutive of pēnis. Pēnis originally meant ‘tail’ (whence the metaphor of the ‘brush’), and only by extension was it used for ‘male sex organ’ (in which sense English adopted it as penis ).
The term penicillin  was based on Latin pēnicillum, in allusion to the tuft-like shape of its spore-bearing structures.
=> penicillin, penis
- pencil (n.)
- early 14c., "an artist's fine brush of camel hair," from Old French pincel "artist's paintbrush" (13c., Modern French pinceau), from Latin penicillus "painter's brush, hair-pencil," literally "little tail," diminutive of peniculus "brush," itself a diminutive of penis "tail" (see penis). Small brushes formerly were used for writing before modern lead or chalk pencils; meaning "graphite writing implement" apparently evolved late 16c. Derogatory slang pencil-pusher "office worker" is from 1881; pencil neck "weak person" first recorded 1973.
- pencil (v.)
- 1530s, "to mark or sketch with a pencil-brush," from pencil (n.). In reference to lead pencils from 1760s. Related: Penciled; penciling. To pencil (something) in "arrange tentatively" is attested from 1942.
- 1. He picked up a pencil and toyed with it idly.
- 2. With a lip pencil, outline lips and fill them in.
- 3. Give your brows extra definition with Outdoor Girl'sEyebrow Pencil in Brown.
- 4. Ridley picked up a pencil and fiddled with it.
- 5. Fill in gaps by using short, upward strokes of the pencil.
[ pencil 造句 ]