- vt. 向…课税；使负重担
- n. 税金；重负
- n. (Tax)人名；(英、匈、捷)塔克斯
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自拉丁语 taxare,评估，估计，征税，反复格于 tangere,接触，安排，来自 PIE*tag,接触， 触摸，词源同 tangent,task.后引申词义征税，课税，及名词词义税收，税款等。
- tax:  Tax originally denoted ‘assess an amount to be levied’; the notion of ‘imposing such a levy’ is a secondary development. The word comes via Old French taxer from Latin taxāre ‘touch, assess, appraise’, a derivative of tangere ‘touch’ (source of English contact, tangible, etc). From taxāre was derived the medieval Latin noun taxa ‘tax, piece of work imposed’, which passed into English via Anglo-Norman tasque as task .
=> tact, tangent, tangible, task
- tax (v.)
- c. 1300, "impose a tax on," from Old French taxer "impose a tax" (13c.) and directly from Latin taxare "evaluate, estimate, assess, handle," also "censure, charge," probably a frequentative form of tangere "to touch" (see tangent (adj.)). Sense of "to burden, put a strain on" first recorded early 14c.; that of "censure, reprove" is from 1560s. Its use in Luke ii for Greek apographein "to enter on a list, enroll" is due to Tyndale. Related: Taxed; taxing.
- tax (n.)
- early 14c., "obligatory contribution levied by a sovereign or government," from Anglo-French tax, Old French taxe, and directly from Medieval Latin taxa, from Latin taxare (see tax (v.)). Related: Taxes. Tax-deduction is from 1942; tax-shelter is attested from 1961.
- 1. Purchase tax was not payable on goods for export.
- 2. The federal government hiked the tax on hard liquor.
- 3. The tax increase sounded the death knell for the business.
- 4. Is a tax increase still out of the question?
- 5. Some people accuse the tax inspectors of bully-boy tactics.
[ tax 造句 ]