- n. 愤世嫉俗者；犬儒学派的人
- adj. 犬儒学派的
TEM8 IELTS GRE
来自词根can, 狗，见canine. 因古希腊词哲学家苏格拉底的学生安提西尼创立的犬儒学派而得名，该学派倡导简单生活，但后来哲学理念被后世有意或无意的曲解，词义也发生了变化。
- cynic:  Originally, the Cynics were a group of ascetic philosophers in ancient Greece. Their founder, around 400 BC, was Antisthenes, a follower of Socrates. They advocated the view that virtue and self-control are the highest good and, particularly under their later leader Diogenes, came to exhibit a contempt for the frailties of their fellow human beings that is traditionally said to have earned them their name: Greek kúōn meant ‘dog’ (it is related to English hound), and the philosophers were allegedly dubbed kunikós on account of their ‘dog-like’ sneering.
A more prosaic but more likely explanation of the term is that it comes from the Kunósarge, the gymnasium where Antisthenes taught (perhaps later influenced by kúōn). English acquired the word via Latin cynicus.
- cynic (n.)
- mid-16c., in reference to the ancient philosophy, from Greek kynikos "a follower of Antisthenes," literally "dog-like," from kyon (genitive kynos) "dog" (see canine). Supposedly from the sneering sarcasm of the philosophers, but more likely from Kynosarge "Gray Dog," name of the gymnasium outside ancient Athens (for the use of those who were not pure Athenians) where the founder, Antisthenes (a pupil of Socrates), taught. Diogenes was the most famous. Popular association even in ancient times was "dog-like" (Lucian has kyniskos "a little cynic," literally "puppy"). Meaning "sneering sarcastic person" is from 1590s.
- 1. I see myself not as a cynic but as a realist.
- 2. I have come to be very much of a cynic in these matters.
- 3. The poet was a cynic, said Glaucus, and hated women.
- 这是个玩世不恭的诗人, 格劳科斯说, 他痛恨女人.
- 4. Faber was cynic about the English.
- 5. Coverdale is something of a professional cynic.
[ cynic 造句 ]