- vi. 失败，不及格；破产；缺乏；衰退
- vt. 不及格；使失望；忘记；舍弃
- n. 不及格
- n. (Fail)人名；(葡、捷)法伊尔；(法)法伊
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
来自拉丁语fallo, 欺骗，陷落，词源同fallacy, false, fault. 进一步来自PIE*ghwel, 欺骗。引申词义被骗，失败。
- fail:  Fail, fallacy , fallible, false, and fault all come ultimately from the same source – the Latin verb fallere. This originally meant ‘deceive’, but it developed semantically to ‘deceive someone’s hopes, disappoint someone’, and in its Vulgar Latin descendant *fallīre this meaning had progressed to ‘be defective, fail’. English acquired the word via Old French faillir. Its Anglo-Norman form, failer, came to be used as a noun, and is the source of English failure .
=> faliacy, fallible, false, fault
- fail (v.)
- c. 1200, "be unsuccessful in accomplishing a purpose;" also "cease to exist or to function, come to an end;" early 13c. as "fail in expectation or performance," from Old French falir "be lacking, miss, not succeed; run out, come to an end; err, make a mistake; be dying; let down, disappoint" (11c., Modern French faillir), from Vulgar Latin *fallire, from Latin fallere "to trip, cause to fall;" figuratively "to deceive, trick, dupe, cheat, elude; fail, be lacking or defective." Related: Failed; failing.
Replaced Old English abreoðan. From c. 1200 as "be unsuccessful in accomplishing a purpose;" also "cease to exist or to function, come to an end;" early 13c. as "fail in expectation or performance."
From mid-13c. of food, goods, etc., "to run short in supply, be used up;" from c. 1300 of crops, seeds, land. From c. 1300 of strength, spirits, courage, etc., "suffer loss of vigor; grow feeble;" from mid-14c. of persons. From late 14c. of material objects, "break down, go to pieces."
- fail (n.)
- late 13c., "failure, deficiency" (as in without fail), from Old French faile "deficiency," from falir (see fail (v.)). The Anglo-French form of the verb, failer, also came to be used as a noun, hence failure.
- 1. Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try Again. Fail again. Fail better.
- 2. Many of Britain's beaches fail to meet minimum standards of cleanliness.
- 3. The various elements of the novel fail to cohere.
- 4. Those who fail incline to blame the world for their failure.
- 5. This magnificent church cannot fail to stop you in your tracks.
[ fail 造句 ]