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detest-.(de-弟弟讨厌 test)---厌恶, 憎恨
de-, 向下，强调。-test, 见证，词源同attest, contest.即诅咒，召唤上帝来见证不共戴天的仇恨，极端憎恶，原词义通用化。
- detest:  Latin dētestārī, source of detest, meant ‘denounce’. It was a compound verb formed from the pejorative prefix dē- and testārī ‘bear witness’. This in turn was a derivative of testis ‘witness’, source of English testify, testimony, and testicle. It retained its original sense of ‘cursing’ or ‘execration’ when first borrowed into English, but by the 18th century this had weakened from open denunciation to internal ‘loathing’.
=> testicle, testify, testimony
- detest (v.)
- early 15c., "to curse, to call God to witness and abhor," from Middle French détester, from Latin detestari "to curse, execrate, abominate, express abhorrence for," literally "denounce with one's testimony," from de- "from, down" (see de-) + testari "be a witness," from testis "witness" (see testament). Related: Detested; detesting.
- 1. I detest smutty books.
- 2. I detest people who tell lies.
- 3. "I detest clutter, you know." — "I didn't know, but I might have guessed."
- 4. I detest cheese; I can't eat it.
- 我讨厌奶酪, 我不爱吃.
- 5. We detest his constantly lying.
[ detest 造句 ]