1. avant: from Latin abante, a compound of ab "from" (see ab-) and ante "before" (see ante).
2. avant + guard => vanguard.
- vanguard:  Vanguards have nothing to do with guarding vans. The word denotes etymologically an ‘advance guard’. It is short for the long defunct avantgard, which was borrowed from Old French avant-garde, a compound formed from avant ‘in front’ and garde ‘guard’. (Its modern French descendant was reborrowed into English as avant-garde .)
=> avant-garde, guard
- vanguard (n.)
- mid-15c., vaunt garde, from Middle French avant-garde, from avant "in front" (see avant) + garde "guard" (see guard (n.)). Communist revolutionary sense is recorded from 1928.
- 1. The company is proud to be in the vanguard of scientific progress.
- 2. They are in the vanguard of technological advance.
- 3. In a way they played a vanguard role.
- 4. The vanguard units started off last night.
- 5. Sir James was an immensely distinguished architect in the vanguard of his profession.
[ vanguard 造句 ]