- n. 低能者；愚蠢的人
- adj. 低能的；愚笨的；虚弱的
1. Etymologically imbecile means 'without support, unsupported', hence 'weak'.
2. Anyone or anything without a stick or staff for support is by extension weak, and so it came to mean 'weak, feeble'.
3. in- "not, opposite of" + baculum "a stick" (see bacillus, bacteria).
- imbecile:  Etymologically imbecile means ‘without support’, hence ‘weak’. It came via French from Latin imbēcillus, a compound adjective formed from the prefix in- ‘not’ and an unrecorded *bēcillum, a diminutive variant of baculum ‘stick’ (from which English gets bacillus and bacterium). Anyone or anything without a stick or staff for support is by extension weak, and so the Latin adjective came to mean ‘weak, feeble’. This broadened out to ‘weak in mind’, and was even used as a noun for ‘weak-minded person’, but English did not adopt these metaphorical uses until the late 18th century.
=> bacillus, bacterium
- imbecile (adj.)
- 1540s, imbecille "weak, feeble" (especially in reference to the body), from Middle French imbecile (15c.), from Latin imbecillus "weak, feeble" (see imbecility). Sense shifted to mental weakness from mid-18c. (compare frail, which in provincial English also could mean "mentally weak"). As a noun, "feeble-minded person," it is attested from 1802. Traditionally an adult with a mental age of roughly 6 to 9 (above an idiot but beneath a moron).
- 1. It was an imbecile thing to do.
- 2. For two years that imbecile threw his money away like this.
- 3. Did you ever see anything so imbecile as her mother?
- 4. He was an imbecile to sign a contract with them.
- 5. I've very good mind to shake you severely, for your contemptible treachery, and your imbecile conceit.
- 我 倒 想狠狠地摇撼你, 就因为你的可鄙的奸诈, 和你那低能的奇想.
[ imbecile 造句 ]