- vi. 乱转；被碾磨
- n. 工厂；磨坊；磨粉机；制造厂；压榨机
- vt. 搅拌；碾磨；磨细；使乱转
- n. (Mill)人名；(英、德、俄、瑞典)米尔
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
- mill: [OE] Mill is one of a large family of English words that go back ultimately to the Indo- European base *mel-, *mol-, *ml-, denoting ‘grind’. It includes meal ‘flour’, mollify, mollusc, mould ‘earth’, and (via the extended form *meld-, *mold-) melt and mild. One particular subset of the family comes from closely related Latin sources: the verb molere ‘grind’ has produced emolument and ormolu  (etymologically ‘ground gold’); the noun mola ‘grindstone’ has given molar  and (via a later sense ‘flour mixed with salt, sprinkled on sacrificial victims’) immolate ; and late Latin molīnus ‘grindstone’, which replaced classical Latin mola, was borrowed into Old English as mylen, from which we get modern English mill.
=> emolument, meal, melt, mild, molar, mollify, mollusc, mould, ormolu
- mill (n.1)
- "building fitted to grind grain," Old English mylen "a mill" (10c.), an early Germanic borrowing from Late Latin molina, molinum "mill" (source of French moulin, Spanish molino), originally fem. and neuter of molinus "pertaining to a mill," from Latin mola "mill, millstone," related to molere "to grind," from PIE *mel- (1) "soft," with derivatives referring to ground material and tools for grinding (source also of Greek myle "mill;" see mallet).
Also from Late Latin molina, directly or indirectly, are German Mühle, Old Saxon mulin, Old Norse mylna, Danish mølle, Old Church Slavonic mulinu. Broader sense of "grinding machine" is attested from 1550s. Other types of manufacturing machines driven by wind or water, whether for grinding or not, began to be called mills by early 15c. Sense of "building fitted with industrial machinery" is from c. 1500.
- mill (n.2)
- "one-tenth cent," 1786, an original U.S. currency unit but now used only for tax calculation purposes, shortening of Latin millesimum "one-thousandth," from mille "a thousand" (see million). Formed on the analogy of cent, which is short for Latin centesimus "one hundredth" (of a dollar).
- mill (v.2)
- "to keep moving round and round in a mass," 1874 (implied in milling), originally of cattle, from mill (n.1) on resemblance to the action of a mill wheel. Related: Milled.
- mill (v.1)
- "to grind," 1550s, from mill (n.1). Related: milled; milling.
- 1. I was just a very average run-of-the-mill kind of student.
- 2. They mill 1,000 tonnes of flour a day in every Australian state.
- 3. For many they clearly represent an alternative to run-of-the-mill estate cars.
- 4. Every night you could hear the whistles of the steel mill.
- 5. He met mill hands, miners and farm labourers.
[ mill 造句 ]