CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
de-, 向下，离开。-pend, 悬挂，词源同pendulum, append. 即悬挂点，引申义依靠。
- depend:  To depend on something is literally to ‘hang down’ from it. The word comes, via Old French dependre, from Latin dēpendēre, a compound verb formed from the prefix dē- ‘down’ and pendēre ‘hang’ (source of English pendant, pendulum, penthouse, and a host of derivatives from appendix to suspend). Its original literal sense survives in English, just, as a conscious archaism, but essentially the metaphorical extensions ‘be contingent’ (echoed in the parallel use of hang on) and ‘rely’ have taken the verb over.
=> appendix, pendent, pendulum, penthouse, suspend
- depend (v.)
- early 15c., "to be attached to as a condition or cause," a figurative use, from Middle French dependre, literally "to hang from, hang down," from Latin dependere "to hang from, hang down; be dependent on, be derived," from de- "from, down" (see de-) + pendere "to hang, be suspended" (see pendant). Related: Depended; depending.
- 1. Remember, happiness doesn't depend upon who you are or what you have; it depends solely upon what you think.--Dale Carnegie
- 2. Whether such properties are a good deal will depend on individual situations.
- 3. They depend on the goodwill of visitors to pick up rubbish.
- 4. The Oxfam shops depend on regular supplies of saleable items.
- 5. Self-discipline, willingness, enthusiasm, that's what you must depend on.
[ depend 造句 ]