英 ['kærəvæn; kærə'væn]
- n. （可供居住的）拖车，大篷车；（穿过沙漠地带的）旅行队（如商队）；活动住宅；移民列车
- vi. 乘拖车度假；参加旅行队旅行
CET6+ TEM4 IELTS
2. van => caravan.
- caravan:  Caravans have no etymological connection with cars, nor with char-a-bancs. The word comes ultimately from Persian kārwān ‘group of desert travellers’, and came into English via French caravane. Its use in English for ‘vehicle’ dates from the 17th century, but to begin with it referred to a covered cart for carrying passengers and goods (basis of the shortened form van ), and in the 19th century it was used for the basic type of thirdclass railway carriage; its modern sense of ‘mobile home’ did not develop until the late 19th century. Caravanserai ‘inn for accommodating desert caravans’  comes from Persian kārwānserāī: serāī means ‘palace, inn’, and was the source, via Italian, of seraglio ‘harem’ .
=> caravanserai, van
- caravan (n.)
- 1580s, from Middle French caravane, from Old French carvane, carevane "caravan" (13c.), or Medieval Latin caravana, picked up during the Crusades from Persian karwan "group of desert travelers" (which Klein connects to Sanskrit karabhah "camel"). Used in English for "vehicle" 17c., especially for a covered cart. Hence, in modern British use (from 1930s), often a rough equivalent of the U.S. mobile home.
- 1. Pendergood had shovelled the sand out of the caravan.
- 2. Each caravan is equipped for four persons.
- 3. The caravan was raked with bullets.
- 4. The community adviser gave us a caravan to live in.
- 5. He packed off his wife and children to stay in a caravan in Wales.
[ caravan 造句 ]