CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
1. alb- + -um (拉丁语后缀).
2. 该词本意为：白色，洁白(white color, whiteness)。
- album:  Latin albus ‘white’ has been the source of a variety of English words: alb ‘ecclesiastical tunic’ [OE], albedo ‘reflective power’ , Albion , an old word for Britain, probably with reference to its white cliffs, albumen ‘white of egg’ , and auburn, as well as albino. Album is a nominalization of the neuter form of the adjective, which was used in classical times for a blank, or white, tablet on which public notices were inscribed.
Its original adoption in the modern era seems to have been in Germany, where scholars kept an album amicorum ‘album of friends’ in which to collect colleagues’ signatures. This notion of an autograph book continues in Dr Johnson’s definition of album in his Dictionary 1755: ‘a book in which foreigners have long been accustomed to insert the autographs of celebrated people’, but gradually it became a repository for all sorts of souvenirs, including in due course photographs.
=> alb, albedo, albino, albumen, auburn, daub
- album (n.)
- 1650s, from Latin album "white color, whiteness," neuter of albus "white" (see alb). In classical times "a blank tablet on which the Pontifex Maximus registered the principal events of the year; a list of names." Revived 16c. by German scholars whose custom was to keep an album amicorum of colleagues' signatures; meaning then expanded into "book to collect souvenirs." According to Johnson, "a book in which foreigners have long been accustomed to insert autographs of celebrated people." Photographic albums first recorded 1859. Meaning "long-playing gramophone record" is by 1951, because the sleeves they came in resembled large albums.
- 1. The group's debut album was immediately acclaimed a hip hop classic.
- 2. They are recording a follow-up to their successful 1989 album.
- 3. Their first album was painfully frank to the point of being confessional.
- 4. "Daring Adventures" from '86 is a far more cohesive and successful album.
- 5. Janet Jackson's new album has been heralded by a massive media campaign.
[ album 造句 ]