- adj. 聪明的；巧妙的；敏捷的；厉害的；潇洒的；剧烈的；时髦的
- n. (Smart)人名；(法)斯马尔；(英、德)斯马特
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来自古英语 smeart,疼痛的，来自 Proto-Germanic*smartaz,疼痛的，被咬的，来自 PIE*smerd, 咬，叮，词源同 mordant,morsel.后原词义几乎不再使用，词义褒义化为咬中的，一针见血的， 以及聪明的，机敏的，智慧的等诸相关词义。
- smart: [OE] Smart originated as a verb, meaning ‘be painful’. It came from a West Germanic base *smert-, *smart- (source also of German schmerz and Dutch smart ‘pain’), which may go back ultimately to the same Indo-European ancestor that produced Greek smerdnós ‘terrible’ and Latin mordēre ‘bite’ (source of English morsel, remorse, etc). The adjective smart was derived from the verb in the 11th century, and at first meant ‘stinging, painful’. Its modern senses ‘clever’ and ‘neat’ emerged in the 17th and 18th centuries respectively.
=> morsel, remorse
- smart (v.)
- Old English smeortan "be painful," from Proto-Germanic *smarta- (cognates: Middle Dutch smerten, Dutch smarten, Old High German smerzan, German schmerzen "to pain," originally "to bite"), from PIE *smerd- "pain," an extension of the root *mer- (2) "to rub; to harm" (cognates: Greek smerdnos "terrible, dreadful," Sanskrit mardayati "grinds, rubs, crushes," Latin mordere "to bite"). Related: Smarted; smarting.
- smart (adj.)
- late Old English smeart "painful, severe, stinging; causing a sharp pain," related to smeortan (see smart (v.)). Meaning "executed with force and vigor" is from c. 1300. Meaning "quick, active, clever" is attested from c. 1300, from the notion of "cutting" wit, words, etc., or else "keen in bargaining." Meaning "trim in attire" first attested 1718, "ascending from the kitchen to the drawing-room c. 1880" [Weekley]. For sense evolution, compare sharp (adj.).
In reference to devices, the sense of "behaving as though guided by intelligence" (as in smart bomb) first attested 1972. Smarts "good sense, intelligence," is first recorded 1968. Smart cookie is from 1948.
- smart (n.)
- "sharp pain," c. 1200, from sharp (adj.). Cognate with Middle Dutch smerte, Dutch smart, Old High German smerzo, German Schmerz "pain."
- 1. I spent lots of money on smart new outfits for work.
- 2. A black coat always looks smart and will never date.
- 3. Laura landed a plum job with a smart art gallery.
- 4. This is a smart, yet soft and feminine look.
- 5. Investors are playing it cautious, and they're playing it smart.
[ smart 造句 ]