- n. 学科；纪律；训练；惩罚
- vt. 训练，训导；惩戒
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1、dis- "apart" + cip- => discip- "grasp intellectually, analyze thoroughly" => 进而引申为: learn.
2、discip- + -le(diminutive) => people that learn.
3、disciple => discipl- + -ine.
4、含义：order necessary for instruction, treatment that corrects or punishes, branch of instruction or education, military training, orderly conduct as a result of training.
- discipline:  The Latin word for ‘learner’ was discipulus, a derivative of the verb discere ‘learn’ (which was related to docēre ‘teach’, source of English doctor, doctrine, and document). English acquired the word in Anglo- Saxon times, as discipul, and it was subsequently reformulated as disciple on the model of Old French deciple. Derived from discipulus was the noun disciplīna ‘instruction, knowledge’. Its meaning developed gradually into ‘maintenance of order (necessary for giving instruction)’, the sense in which the word first entered English (via Old French discipline).
=> disciple, doctor, doctrine, document
- discipline (n.)
- early 13c., "penitential chastisement; punishment," from Old French descepline (11c.) "discipline, physical punishment; teaching; suffering; martyrdom," and directly from Latin disciplina "instruction given, teaching, learning, knowledge," also "object of instruction, knowledge, science, military discipline," from discipulus (see disciple (n.)).
Sense of "treatment that corrects or punishes" is from notion of "order necessary for instruction." The Latin word is glossed in Old English by þeodscipe.
Meaning "branch of instruction or education" is first recorded late 14c. Meaning "military training" is from late 15c.; that of "orderly conduct as a result of training" is from c. 1500.
- discipline (v.)
- c. 1300; see discipline (n.). Related: Disciplined; disciplines; disciplining.
- 1. To start a revolution, you need discipline, incisiveness and articulacy.
- 2. The aim of discipline is to teach children to behave acceptably.
- 3. The discipline of studying music can help children develop good work habits.
- 4. Hospital discipline was broken. Amy would have to explain herself.
- 5. Self-discipline, willingness, enthusiasm, that's what you must depend on.
[ discipline 造句 ]