- n. 基金；资金；存款
- vt. 投资；资助
- n. (Fund)人名；(德)丰德
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自PIE*bhudh, 底部，基础，词源同bottom, founder. 用做经济学名词资金。比较finance.
- fund:  Latin fundus meant ‘bottom’. English originally acquired it via French as fond, and in the course of the 17th century re-latinized it to fund. The literal meaning ‘bottom’ was retained until the mid 18th century (‘a Glass-Bubble fix’d to the Fund of a Vessel’, British Apollo 1709), but gradually it gave way to the metaphorical ‘basic supply, particularly of money’. From fundus was derived the Latin verb fundāre ‘lay the bottom for, establish’ (source of English found), and the next step on from this was the noun fundāmentum ‘bottom part, foundation’, which gave English fundament  and fundamental .
=> found, fundament
- fund (n.)
- 1670s, "a bottom, the bottom; foundation, groundwork," from French fond "a bottom, floor, ground" (12c.), also "a merchant's basic stock or capital," from Latin fundus "bottom, foundation, piece of land," from PIE root *bhudh- "bottom, base" (cognates: Sanskrit budhnah, Greek pythmen "foundation, bottom," Old English botm "lowest part;" see bottom (n.)). Meaning "stock of money or wealth available for some purpose" is from 1690s; sense of "store of anything to be drawn upon" is from 1704. Funds "money at one's disposal" is from 1728.
- fund (v.)
- 1776, "convert (a debt) into capital or stock represented by interest-bearing bonds," from fund (n.). Meaning "supply (someone or something) with money, to finance" is from 1900.
- 1. He's accused of misusing $17.5 million from a secret government slush fund.
- 2. He is possessed of an extraordinary fund of energy.
- 3. Encourage her to get involved in fund-raising for charity.
- 4. The fund will make payments of just over £1 billion next year.
- 5. Its $25m reserve fund had been run down to around $8m.
[ fund 造句 ]