- n. 湖；深红色颜料；胭脂红
- vt. （使）血球溶解
- vi. （使）血球溶解
- n. (Lake)人名；(德、塞、瑞典)拉克；(英)莱克
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- lake: English has two words lake. The one meaning ‘body of water’  comes via Old French lac from Latin lacus. This goes back to the same prehistoric source as produced Gaelic loch (acquired by English in the 14th century) and Latin lacūna ‘hole, pit, pool’ (from which English got lacuna  and, via Italian or Spanish, lagoon ); this seems to have denoted ‘hole, basin’, the notion of ‘water-filled hole’ being a secondary development. Lake the colour , now usually encountered only in crimson lake, is a variant of lac, a term for a reddish resin or dye that comes via Dutch or French from Hindi lākh, and forms the second syllable of English shellac.
Its ultimate source is Sanskrit lākshā. Lacquer  comes via early modern French lacre ‘sealingwax’ from laca, the Portuguese version of lac.
=> lacuna, lagoon; lacquer, shellac
- lake (n.1)
- "body of water," early 12c., from Old French lack and directly from Latin lacus "pond, lake," also "basin, tank," related to lacuna "hole, pit," from PIE *laku- (cognates: Greek lakkos "pit, tank, pond," Old Church Slavonic loky "pool, puddle, cistern," Old Irish loch "lake, pond"). The common notion is "basin." There was a Germanic form of the word, which yielded cognate Old Norse lögr "sea flood, water," Old English lacu "stream," lagu "sea flood, water," leccan "to moisten" (see leak (v.)). In Middle English, lake, as a descendant of the Old English word, also could mean "stream; river gully; ditch; marsh; grave; pit of hell," and this might have influenced the form of the borrowed word. The North American Great Lakes so called from 1660s.
- lake (n.2)
- "deep red coloring matter," 1610s, from French laque (see lac), from which it was obtained.
- 1. He tramped hurriedly round the lake towards the garden.
- 2. The water level in Lake Taihu has reached record levels.
- 3. A blizzard was blasting great drifts of snow across the lake.
- 4. There was swimming and sailing down on the lake.
- 5. The view of lake and plunging cliffs seduces visitors.
[ lake 造句 ]