- adj. 现任的；依靠的；负有职责的
- n. 在职者；现任者；领圣俸者
CET6+ TEM8 GRE
1. in- "on" + -cumbere "lie down".
- incumbent (n.)
- early 15c., "person holding a church position," from Medieval Latin incumbentem (nominative incumbens) "holder of a church position," noun use of present participle of incumbere "to obtain or possess," from Latin incumbere "recline on," figuratively "apply oneself to," from in- "on" (see in- (2)) + -cumbere "lie down," related to cubare "to lie" (see cubicle). Extended to holders of any office from 1670s.
- incumbent (adj.)
- 1560s, in relation to duties or obligations, from Latin incumbentem (nominative incumbens), present participle of incumbere (see incumbent (n.)). The literal, physical sense is rare in English and first attested 1620s.
- 1. It is incumbent upon all of us to make an extra effort.
- 2. the present incumbent of the White House
- 3. He defeated the incumbent governor by a large plurality.
- 4. The old man is an incumbent.
- 5. It is incumbent upon us to do so.
[ incumbent 造句 ]