- vi. 停止；立定；踌躇，犹豫
- n. 停止；立定；休息
- vt. 使停止；使立定
- n. (Halt)人名；(德、芬)哈尔特
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. hold => halt.
- halt: English has two words halt. By far the older, meaning ‘lame’ [OE], has virtually died out as a living part of English vocabulary except in the verbal derivative halting ‘stopping and starting uncertainly’. It came from a prehistoric Germanic *khaltaz, which also produced Swedish and Danish halt ‘Jame’. Halt ‘stop’ , originally a noun, comes from German halt, which began life as the imperative form of the verb halten ‘hold, stop’ (a relative of English hold).
- halt (n.)
- "a stop, a halting," 1590s, from French halte (16c.) or Italian alto, ultimately from German Halt, imperative from Old High German halten "to hold" (see hold (v.)). A German military command borrowed into the Romanic languages 16c.
- halt (adj.)
- "lame," in Old English lemphalt "limping," from Proto-Germanic *haltaz (cognates: Old Saxon, Old Frisian halt, Old Norse haltr, Old High German halz, Gothic halts "lame"), from PIE *keld-, from root *kel- "to strike, cut," with derivatives meaning "something broken or cut off" (cognates: Russian koldyka "lame," Greek kolobos "broken, curtailed"). The noun meaning "one who limps; the lame collectively" is from c. 1200.
- halt (v.2)
- "to walk unsteadily, move with a limping gait," early 14c., from Old English haltian (Anglian), healtian (West Saxon), "to limp, be lame; to hesitate," from Proto-Germanic *halton (cognates: Old Saxon halton, Middle Dutch halten, Old High German halzen), derivative verb from the source of halt (adj.). Figurative use from early 15c. Related: Halted; halting.
- halt (v.1)
- "make a halt," 1650s, from halt (n.). As a command word, attested from 1796. Related: Halted; halting.
- 1. The elevator creaked to a halt at the ground floor.
- 2. He criticised the government for failing to halt economic decline.
- 3. Operating systems can be brought to a halt by a Trojan Horse.
- 4. He came to a halt at a crossroads fifty yards further on.
- 5. A black Mercedes screeched to a halt beside the helicopter.
[ halt 造句 ]