- n. 淤泥，泥沙；煤粉；残渣
- vi. 淤塞，充塞；为淤泥堵塞
- vt. 使淤塞；充塞
TEM8 IELTS GRE TOEFL
来自古英语 sealt,盐，词源同 salt.原指海水沉积物，后引申词义淤泥，淤沙，淤积，淤塞等。
- silt:  The likelihood is that silt originally referred to the mud in salt flats by river estuaries, and that it is etymologically related to salt. It was probably borrowed from a Scandinavian word – Danish and Norwegian have the apparently related sylt ‘salt marsh’.
- silt (n.)
- mid-15c., originally "sediment deposited by seawater," probably from a Scandinavian source (compare Norwegian and Danish sylt "salt marsh"), or from Middle Low German or Middle Dutch silte, sulte "salt marsh, brine," from Proto-Germanic *sultjo- (cognates: Old English sealt, Old High German sulza "saltwater," German Sulze "brine"), from PIE *sal- (see salt (n.)).
- silt (v.)
- "to become choked with silt" (of river channels, harbors, etc.), 1799, from silt (n.). Related: Silted; silting.
- 1. Without huge investment the reservoirs will silt up.
- 2. During the annual floods the river deposits its silt on the fields.
- 3. The water contains fine silt.
- 4. The channel is almost choked with silt.
- 5. The river deposited silt at its mouth.
[ silt 造句 ]