- n. 王子，国君；亲王；贵族
- n. (Prince)人名；(英、葡)普林斯；(法)普兰斯；
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1、prin- + cap-(capere) => "that takes first". => Latin princeps (genitive principis) "first man, chief leader; ruler, sovereign". => princ- + -e => prince.
- prince:  A prince is etymologically someone who ‘takes first place’, hence a ‘leader’. The word comes via Old French prince from Latin princeps, a compound formed from prīmus ‘first’ (source of English prime) and capere ‘take’ (source of English captive, capture, etc). (German fürst ‘prince’ was derived from Old High German furist ‘first’, apparently in imitation of the Latin word.) The derivative princess  was also acquired from Old French.
=> first, prime
- prince (n.)
- c. 1200, "ruler of a principality" (mid-12c. as a surname), from Old French prince "prince, noble lord" (12c.), from Latin princeps (genitive principis) "first man, chief leader; ruler, sovereign," noun use of adjective meaning "that takes first," from primus "first" (see prime (adj.)) + root of capere "to take" (see capable). German cognate fürst, from Old High German furist "first," is apparently an imitation of the Latin formation. Colloquial meaning "admirable or generous person" is from 1911, American English. Prince Regent was the title of George, Prince of Wales (later George VI) during the mental incapacity of George III (1811-1820).
- 1. At tea-time, Victoria sang duets with her Consort, Prince Albert.
- 2. The Prince was driving with great fire and dash.
- 3. Prince Sadruddin lavished praise on Britain's contributions to world diplomacy.
- 4. Unfortunately for the Prince, his title brought obligations as well as privileges.
- 5. Prince Edward threw the switch to light the illuminations.
[ prince 造句 ]