英 ['spɪnɪdʒ; -ɪtʃ]
CET6+ TEM4 TOEFL
来自盎格鲁法语 spinache,来自古法语 espinoche,来自阿拉伯语 isfanak,来自波斯语 ispanakh, 一种绿色蔬菜。比较汉语菠菜，原名波斯菜。
- spinach:  The ultimate origin of the word spinach is Persian aspanākh, which passed via Arabic isfināj, medieval Latin spinachia, and Spanish espinaca into Old French as espinache. Middle Dutch borrowed this as spinaetse, the probable source of English spinach. It has been speculated that the change of form from Arabic to Latin may have been partly motivated by the ‘spiny’ seeds of certain types of spinach.
- spinach (n.)
- c. 1400 (late 13c. as a surname), from Anglo-French spinache, Old French espinache (14c., Modern French épinard, from a form with a different suffix), from Old Provençal espinarc, which perhaps is via Catalan espinac, from Andalusian Arabic isbinakh, from Arabic isbanakh, from Persian aspanakh "spinach." But OED is not convinced the Middle Eastern words are native, and based on the plethora of Romanic forms pronounces the origin "doubtful."
Popeye, the spinach-eating superman, debuted in 1929. Old folk etymology connected the word with Latin spina (see spine) or with Medieval Latin Hispanicum olus. For pronunciation, see cabbage. In 1930s colloquial American English, it had a sense of "nonsense, rubbish," based on a famous "New Yorker" cartoon of Dec. 8, 1928. Related: spinaceous.
- 1. Eating spinach is supposed to make you strong.
- 2. The spinach is shrivelled up.
- 3. You should eat such vegetables as carrot, celery and spinach.
- 你应该吃胡萝卜 、 芹菜和菠菜这类的蔬菜.
- 4. The transacetylase system was also present in spinach leaves.
- 5. Either you eat your spinach or you go without ice - cream.
[ spinach 造句 ]