来自13世纪苏格兰神学家John Duns Scotus, 其思想后来遭到反对者强烈批判，其追随者也被讽刺为笨蛋，傻瓜。
- dunce:  Dunce originated as a contemptuous term for those who continued in the 16th century to adhere to the theological views of the Scottish scholar John Duns Scotus (c. 1265–1308). Renaissance philosophers ridiculed them as narrow-minded hair-splitters, and so before long the application of the word spread metaphorically to any ‘stuffy pedant’ in general, and hence, through the implication of a lack of true intellect, to ‘stupid person’. The conical dunce’s cap seems to have originated in the 19th century.
- dunce (n.)
- "dullard," 1570s, from earlier Duns disciple "follower of John Duns Scotus" (c. 1265-1308), Scottish scholar of philosophy and theology supposed to have been born at Duns in Berwickshire. By 16c., humanist reaction against medieval theology singled him out as the type of the hairsplitting scholastic. It became a general term of reproach applied to more conservative philosophical opponents by 1520s, later extended to any dull-witted student.
- 1. He used to be a dunce at school.
- 2. Michael may have been a dunce at mathematics, but he was gifted at languages.
- 3. I was a dunce at chemistry.
- 4. It is very impolite to call others a dunce.
- 5. Do you take me for a dunce?
- 你以为我是笨蛋 吗 ?
[ dunce 造句 ]