- vi. 熔化，溶解；渐混
- vt. 使融化；使熔化；使软化；使感动
- n. 熔化；熔化物
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
- melt: [OE] Melt goes back ultimately to an Indo- European *meld-, *mold-, *mld-, denoting ‘softness’, which also produced English mild and Latin mollis ‘soft’ (source of English mollify and mollusc). Its prehistoric Germanic descendant *melt-, *malt- produced the verb *maltjan ‘dissolve’, which has become English melt. Malt comes from the same Germanic source, and smelt , a borrowing from Middle Low German, goes back to *smelt-, a variant of the base *melt-.
=> malt, mild, mollify, mollusc, smelt
- melt (v.)
- Old English meltan "become liquid, consume by fire, burn up" (class III strong verb; past tense mealt, past participle molten), from Proto-Germanic *meltanan; fused with Old English gemæltan (Anglian), gemyltan (West Saxon) "make liquid," from Proto-Germanic *gamaltijan (cognates: Old Norse melta "to digest"), both from PIE *meldh-, (cognates: Sanskrit mrduh "soft, mild," Greek meldein "to melt, make liquid," Latin mollis "soft, mild"), from root *mel- "soft," with derivatives referring to soft or softened (especially ground) materials (see mild). Figurative use by c. 1200. Related: Melted; melting.
Of food, to melt in (one's) mouth is from 1690s. Melting pot is from 1540s; figurative use from 1855; popularized with reference to America by play "The Melting Pot" by Israel Zangwill (1908).
- melt (n.)
- 1854, "molten metal," from melt (v.). In reference to a type of sandwich topped by melted cheese, 1980, American English.
- 1. Meanwhile, melt the white chocolate in a bowl suspended over simmering water.
- 2. The crowd around the bench began to melt away.
- 3. When he heard these words, Shinran felt his inner doubts melt away.
- 4. In a large microwave-proof dish, melt butter for 20 seconds.
- 5. Break up the chocolate and melt it.
[ melt 造句 ]