英 [trəʊl; trɒl]
- vt. 轮唱，使转动；放声高唱；拖饵钓鱼
- vi. 参加轮唱；宏亮地唱；拖饵钓鱼
- n. 轮唱；钓鱼；北欧神话中的巨人
来自古诺斯语 troll,巫师，术士，占卜者，来自 Proto-Germanic*truzla,魔鬼，山精，巨怪，来 自 PIE*dra,跑，逃离，可能衍生自 PIE*der,走，跑，踩踏，词源同 trap,tread.参照电影《冰雪 女王》。troll 旋转，滚动，搜查，搜索，拖钓
词源不详，可能最终与 troll（山精，巨怪）来自同一词源。词义拖钓受 trawl 等影响。
- troll (v.)
- late 14c., "to go about, stroll," later (early 15c.) "roll from side to side, trundle," probably from Old French troller, a hunting term, "wander, to go in quest of game without purpose" (Modern French trôler), from a Germanic source (compare Old High German trollen "to walk with short steps"), from Proto-Germanic *truzlanan.
Sense of "sing in a full, rolling voice" (first attested 1570s) and that of "fish with a moving line" (c. 1600) both are extended technical uses from the general sense of "roll, trundle," the former from "sing in the manner of a catch or round," the latter perhaps confused with trail or trawl. Figurative sense of "to lure on as with a moving bait, entice, allure" is from 1560s. Meaning "to cruise in search of sexual encounters" is recorded from 1967, originally in homosexual slang.
- troll (n.1)
- supernatural being in Scandinavian mythology and folklore, 1610s (with an isolated use mid-14c.), from Old Norse troll "giant being not of the human race, evil spirit, monster." Some speculate that it originally meant "creature that walks clumsily," and derives from Proto-Germanic *truzlan, from *truzlanan (see troll (v.)). But it seems to have been a general supernatural word, such as Swedish trolla "to charm, bewitch;" Old Norse trolldomr "witchcraft."
The old sagas tell of the troll-bull, a supernatural being in the form of a bull, as well as boar-trolls. There were troll-maidens, troll-wives, and troll-women; the trollman, a magician or wizard, and the troll-drum, used in Lappish magic rites. The word was popularized in literary English by 19c. antiquarians, but it has been current in the Shetlands and Orkneys since Viking times. The first record of the word in modern English is from a court document from the Shetlands, regarding a certain Catherine, who, among other things, was accused of "airt and pairt of witchcraft and sorcerie, in hanting and seeing the Trollis ryse out of the kyrk yeard of Hildiswick."
Originally conceived as a race of malevolent giants, they have suffered the same fate as the Celtic Danann and by 19c. were regarded by peasants in in Denmark and Sweden as dwarfs and imps supposed to live in caves or under the ground.
They are obliging and neighbourly; freely lending and borrowing, and elsewise keeping up a friendly intercourse with mankind. But they have a sad propensity to thieving, not only stealing provisions, but even women and children. [Thomas Keightley, "The Fairy Mythology," London, 1850]
- troll (n.2)
- "act of going round, repetition," 1705, from troll (v.). Meaning "song sung in a round" is from 1820.
- 1. Troll's exclusive, personalized luggage is made to our own exacting specifications in heavy-duty PVC/nylon.
- 2. Is everybody else seeing a troll doll nailed to a two - by - four?
- 你们大家也看见一个钉在木板上的娃娃 吗 ?
- 3. And an old troll wish you a Happy Halloween!
- 4. Ice trolls are a subspecies of troll that lives in cold climates.
- 5. He is a skilled craftsman Troll weapons, but also a powerful shaman.
- 他是一个熟练的巨魔武器工匠, 同时也是一个强大的萨满.
[ troll 造句 ]