CET6+ TEM8 IELTS GRE
1. freight => fraught.
2. 该词和freight（货运；货物）同源；满则沉，“充满”和“货物”统一于沉甸甸的感觉，试着想象一辆满载货物的货车的画面。联想：fraught 音似“富饶的”，富饶则物资充裕，从而引申出“充满”之义。进而又引伸出“忧虑的”含义，表示“心里充满了不安和忧虑”等。
- fraught:  Fraught and freight  are related, and share the underlying meaning ‘load’. But whereas freight has stayed close to its semantic roots, fraught, which started out as ‘laden’, has moved on via ‘supplied or filled with something’ to specifically ‘filled with anxiety or tension’. It was originally the past participle of a now obsolete verb fraught ‘load a ship’, which was borrowed from Middle Dutch vrachten.
This in turn was a derivative of the noun vracht ‘load, cargo’, a variant of vrecht (from which English gets freight). Both vracht and vrecht probably go back to a prehistoric Germanic noun *fraaikhtiz, whose second element *-aikhtiz is related to English owe and own.
- fraught (adj.)
- late 14c., "freighted, laden, loaded, stored with supplies" (of vessels); figurative use from early 15c.; past participle adjective from obsolete verb fraught "to load (a ship) with cargo," Middle English fraughten (c. 1400), which always was rarer than the past participle, from noun fraught "a load, cargo, lading of a ship" (early 13c.), which is the older form of freight (n.).
This apparently is from a North Sea Germanic source, Middle Dutch vrecht, vracht "hire for a ship, freight," or similar words in Middle Low German or Frisian, apparently originally "earnings," from Proto-Germanic *fra-aihtiz "property, absolute possession," from *fra-, here probably intensive + *aigan "be master of, possess" (see owe (v.)). Related: Fraughtage.
- 1. The earliest operations employing this technique were fraught with dangers.
- 2. The expedition through the jungle was fraught with difficulty and danger.
- 3. It has been a somewhat fraught day.
- 4. In this case, it is a subtle red, fraught with mystery.
- 如果这样的话, 这是一种充满神秘的无以名状的红色.
- 5. The coming months will be fraught with fateful decisions.
[ fraught 造句 ]