英 [,glædɪ'əʊləs]
  • n. 剑兰;[解剖] 胸骨体
分类标签: 花
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gladiolus 剑兰

词源同gladiator, 剑客,角斗士。因叶片形似宽剑而得名。

gladiolus (n.)
"wild iris," c. 1000, from Latin gladiolus "wild iris, sword-lily," literally "small sword," diminutive of gladius "sword" (see gladiator); the plant so called by Pliny in reference to its sword-shaped leaves. The Old English form of the word was gladdon. Form gladiol is attested from mid-15c.; the modern use perhaps represents a 1560s reborrowing from Latin.