re-,向后，往回，-trench,砍，劈，词源同 truncate,trunk.引申词义节约，缩减。 retrial 复审，再审
- retrench:  Retrench originally meant literally ‘dig a new trench as a second line of defence’. It was borrowed from early modern French retrencher, a descendant of Old French retrenchier. This was a compound verb formed from the prefix re- ‘again’ and trenchier ‘cut off’ (source of English trench, trenchant, etc). The standard present-day sense of retrench, ‘cut back, economize’, first recorded in the 17th century, is a return to the underlying meaning of French retrencher.
=> trench, trenchant
- retrench (v.1)
- 1590s, "dig a new trench as a second line of defense," 1590s, probably a back-formation from retrenchment in the military sense. Related: Retrenched; retrenching.
- retrench (v.2)
- "cut off, cut down, pare away" (expenses, etc.), 1620s, from obsolete French retrencher "to cut off, lessen, shorten" (Modern French retrancher, Old French retrenchier), from re- "back" (see re-) + Old French trenchier "to cut" (see trench). Related: Retrenched; retrenching.
- 1. Shortly afterwards, cuts in defence spending forced the aerospace industry to retrench.
- 2. Inflation has forced us to retrench.
- 3. The mess of Wall Street means the families have to retrench.
- 4. As business is bad these days, we have to retrench.
- 由于最近生意不景气, 我们不得不紧缩开支.
- 5. Why don't you retrench then - scrape up, hoard , economise?
- 那么你为什么不节约一下 —— 积累一点, 储蓄一点, 省吃俭用一些 呢 ?
[ retrench 造句 ]