- n. 十二；十二个
- num. 十二；十二个
- adj. 十二的；十二个的
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 twelf,十二，字面意思即剩下两个，来自 Proto-Germanic*twa-lif,十二，来自 PIE*dwo,二，词源同 two,PIE*leip,停留，留下，词源同 leave.比较 eleven.
- twelve: [OE] Etymologically, twelve probably means ‘two over’ (just as eleven means ‘one over’). It appears to go back to a prehistoric Germanic compound formed from *twa- ‘two’ and *lif- (a relative of English leave), which also produced German zwölf, Dutch twaalf, Swedish tolf, and Danish tolv. If so, its underlying meaning is ‘two left (over ten)’, hence ‘ten plus two’.
=> leave, two
- twelve (adj.)
- Old English twelf "twelve," literally "two left" (over ten), from Proto-Germanic *twa-lif-, a compound of the root of two + *lif-, root of the verb leave (see eleven). Compare Old Saxon twelif, Old Norse tolf, Old Frisian twelef, Middle Dutch twalef, Dutch twaalf, Old High German zwelif, German zwölf, Gothic twalif. Outside Germanic, an analogous formation is Lithuanian dvylika, with second element -lika "left over."
- 1. "Why didn't you appoint Ron twelve months ago?"—"Good question."
- 2. Twelve inmates have been killed during a riot at the prison.
- 3. Twelve hours is the minimum, sixty hours the maximum.
- 4. Twelve extremely good-looking, smooth young men have been picked as finalists.
- 5. In most jurisdictions, twelve jurors and two alternates are chosen.
[ twelve 造句 ]