penicillin

英 [penɪ'sɪlɪn] 美 [,pɛnɪ'sɪlɪn]
  • n. 盘尼西林(青霉素)
GRE
星级词汇:
penicillin
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penicillin 盘尼西林,青霉素

来自拉丁语penicillus,刷子,画家用小毛刷,毛笔,来自penis,尾巴,词源同penis,pencil.

-ille,小词后缀。字面意思即小尾巴,后用于药品名盘尼西林,因提炼该药品的母体青霉素菌形如小尾巴而得名。

penicillin
penicillin: see pencil
penicillin (n.)
1929, coined in English by Alexander Fleming (1881-1955), who first recognized its antibiotic properties, from Modern Latin Penicillium notatum (1867), the name of the mould from which it was first obtained, from Latin penicillus "paintbrush" (see pencil (n.)), in reference to the shape of the mould cells.
1. I should have asked him for a shot of penicillin.
我应当让他给我打一针青霉素的.

来自《简明英汉词典》

2. She injected the patient with penicillin.
她给病人注射了青霉素.

来自《简明英汉词典》

3. Penicillin was an extremely significant medical discovery.
青霉素是极其重要的医学发现.

来自《简明英汉词典》

4. Penicillin cured him of his pneumonia.
青霉素治好了他的肺炎.

来自《简明英汉词典》

5. Fleming discovered penicillin by accident in 1928.
弗莱明在1928年偶然发现了青霉素.

来自《简明英汉词典》

[ penicillin 造句 ]