英 [ɪg'zædʒəreɪt; eg-]
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1、ex- "completely, thoroughly" + ag- "to, toward" + ger- "bear, carry, bring" + -ate.
2、字面含义：completely or thoroughly (bring together / carry toward). => completely or thoroughly (heap up / pile up). => heighten, amplify, magnify, accumulate, overstate.
3. e‐出 xa‐下 gg‐鸡蛋 (或者：egg倒置为：gge)，下出鸡蛋来的速度被夸大了：e- + xa + gge (egg => 倒置: gge) + rate => exaggerate.
ex-, 向外。ag-,向。-ger, 携带，带来，词源同gesture,belligerent.
- exaggerate:  Something that is exaggerated is literally ‘piled up’ out of all due proportion; indeed that is what it originally meant in English: ‘With their flipping and flapping up and down in the dirt they exaggerate a mountain of mire’, Philip Stubbes, Anatomy of Abuses 1583. It was not really until the 17th century that the current sense ‘overemphasize’ came to the fore, although it was already present in the word’s Latin original. This was exaggerāre, a compound formed from the intensive prefix exand aggerāre ‘pile up’ (a derivative of agger ‘heap’).
- exaggerate (v.)
- 1530s, "to pile up, accumulate," from Latin exaggeratus, past participle of exaggerare "heighten, amplify, magnify," literally "to heap, pile, load, fill," from ex- "thoroughly" (see ex-) + aggerare "heap up, accumulate," figuratively "amplify, magnify," from agger (genitive aggeris) "heap," from aggerere "bring together, carry toward," from assimilated form of ad- "to, toward" (see ad-) + gerere "carry" (see gest). Sense of "overstate" first recorded in English 1560s. Related: Exaggerated; exaggerating.
- 1. There could be more unrest, but I wouldn't exaggerate the problems.
- 2. A painter may exaggerate or distort shapes and forms.
- 3. These figures exaggerate the loss of competitiveness.
- 4. Don't exaggerate.
- 5. This chap likes to exaggerate and is good at nothing but boasting.
[ exaggerate 造句 ]