CET6 TEM4 GRE 考 研 TOEFL
1. ad- "to" + ol- "al-, nourish" + -esc- (inchoative, 表始动词) + -ent.
2. => to be nourished, begin to nourish, begin to grow.
前缀ad-, 去，往。词根ol, 成长，同adult. -esce, 起始动词后缀，即成长中的。
- adolescent:  The original notion lying behind both adolescent and adult is of ‘nourishment’. The Latin verb alere meant ‘nourish’ (alimentary and alimony come from it, and it is related to old). A derivative of this, denoting the beginning of an action, was alēscere ‘be nourished’, hence ‘grow’. The addition of the prefix ad- produced adolēscere.
Its present participial stem, adolēscent- ‘growing’, passed into English as the noun adolescent ‘a youth’ (the adjective appears not to have occurred before the end of the 18th century). Its past participle, adultus ‘grown’, was adopted into English as adult in the 16th century.
=> adult, alimentary, alimony, coalesce, coalition, proletarian, prolific
- adolescent (n.)
- mid-15c., "youth, young man," from Middle French adolescent (15c.) or directly from Latin adolescentem (nominative adolescens) "growing, near maturity, youthful," present participle of adolescere "grow up, come to maturity, ripen," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + alescere "be nourished," hence, "increase, grow up," inchoative of alere "to nourish" (see old). Adolesce was a back-formed verb used early 20c. by H.G. Wells, G.B. Shaw, Louis MacNeice, but it seems not to have taken.
- adolescent (adj.)
- 1785, from Latin adolescentem (nominative adolescens) "growing, near maturity, youthful," present participle of adolescere "grow up, come to maturity, ripen" (see adolescent (n.)).
- 1. Adolescent suicide is rarely an impulsive reaction to immediate distress.
- 2. He spent his adolescent years playing guitar in the church band.
- 3. A little adolescent rebellion is commonly believed to be healthy.
- 4. Parents worry about the effect of music on their adolescent's behavior.
- 5. Why give publicity to this self-indulgent, adolescent oaf?
[ adolescent 造句 ]