- n. 废墟；毁坏；灭亡
- vt. 毁灭；使破产
- vi. 破产；堕落；被毁灭
- n. (Ruin)人名；(德、意、芬)鲁因；(法)吕安
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自拉丁语 ruina,倒塌，毁坏，来自 ruere,倒塌，崩塌，来自 PIE*reue,击，打，撕开，词源 同 rag,rough.字母 g 脱落，比较 regulate,rule.
- ruin:  If something is ruined, etymologically it has simply ‘fallen down’. The word’s ultimate ancestor is Latin ruere ‘fall, crumble’ (source also of English congruent). From it was derived the noun ruīna ‘fall’, which passed into English via Old French ruine.
- ruin (n.)
- late 14c., "act of giving way and falling down," from Old French ruine "a collapse" (14c.), and directly from Latin ruina "a collapse, a rushing down, a tumbling down" (source also of Spanish ruina, Italian rovina), related to ruere "to rush, fall violently, collapse," from PIE *reue- (2) "to smash, knock down, tear out, dig up" (see rough (adj.)). Meaning "complete destruction of anything" is from 1670s. Ruins "remains of a decayed building or town" is from mid-15c.; the same sense was in the Latin plural noun.
- ruin (v.)
- 1580s (transitive), from ruin (n.). Intransitive sense "fall into ruin" is from c. 1600. Financial sense is attested from 1660. Related: Ruined; ruining.
- 1. She wasn't going to let her plans go to ruin.
- 2. "But we might ruin the stove." — "Who cares?"
- 3. We looked out upon a scene of desolation and ruin.
- 4. His enemies are determined to ruin him.
- 5. The vineyards were falling into ruin.
[ ruin 造句 ]