英 ['bɒtjʊlɪz(ə)m] 美 ['bɑtʃə'lɪzəm]
  • n. [内科][毒物] 肉毒中毒(食物中毒一种)
1 / 10
botulism 肉毒中毒

来自拉丁词botulus, 肠,香肠。词源同bowel, 肠道。原指一种香肠毒素。

botulism: [19] The fact that Latin botulus was used metaphorically for ‘intestine’ is in this case just a red herring; its principal meaning was ‘sausage’, and it was the discovery of the foodpoisoning germ in cooked meats, such assausages, which led to the term botulism. Early work on unmasking the bacterium responsible (now known as Clostridium botulinum) was done in Germany, and at first the German form of the word, botulismus, was used in English, but by the late 1880s we find the naturalized botulism fairly well established.
botulism (n.)
1878, from German Botulismus (1878), coined in German from Latin botulus "sausage" (see bowel) + -ismus suffix of action or state (see -ism). Sickness first traced to eating tainted sausage (sausage poisoning was an old name for it).
1. Don't taste the food; even a small amount can cause botulism.
不要尝这食物; 即使稍微尝点也会引起肉毒中毒.


2. Given the other possible diagnoses, botulism was our best - case scenario.
与其他可能的诊断相比, 肉毒杆菌中毒是最符合事实的情况.


3. BPA helps protect food products from spoiling and causing botulism.


4. In Thailand, delivery of a botulism antitoxin prevented multiple deaths.
在泰国, 肉毒抗毒素避免了多起死亡的发生.


5. All forms of botulism can be fatal and are considered medical emergencies.


[ botulism 造句 ]