- n. 敌手；[解剖] 对抗肌；[生化] 拮抗物；反协同试剂
1、ant- "against" + agon- + -ist.
2、含义：competitor, opponent, rival.
- antagonist:  Greek agón (source of English agony) meant ‘contest, conflict’. Hence the concept of ‘struggling against (anti-) someone’ was conveyed in Greek by the verb antagōnízesthai. The derived noun antagōnistés entered English via French or late Latin.
- antagonist (n.)
- 1590s, from French antagoniste (16c.) or directly from Late Latin antagonista, from Greek antagonistes "competitor, opponent, rival," agent noun from antagonizesthai "to struggle against, oppose, be a rival," from anti- "against" (see anti-) + agonizesthai "to contend for a prize," from agon "contest" (see agony). Originally in battle or sport, extended 1620s to any sphere of human activity.
- 1. Spassky had never previously lost to his antagonist.
- 2. His antagonist in the debate was quicker than he.
- 3. The thing is to know the nature of your antagonist.
- 4. The knight defeated each antagonist.
- 5. He wondered what his antagonist was doing.
[ antagonist 造句 ]