- n. 对手；竞争者
- vt. 与…竞争；比得上某人
- vi. 竞争
- adj. 竞争的
- n. (Rival)人名；(英、法、西)里瓦尔
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. 河流的两岸 => 对峙、敌手、对手 => 就像撕裂的东西而形成的对峙。
2. 同源：river, rival, rive, ...
来自拉丁语 rivalis,邻居，对手，竞争者，来自 rivus,溪流，河谷，来自 PIE*reie,流动，流水， 奔跑，词源同 run,Rhine.
- rival:  A rival is etymologically ‘someone who uses the same stream as another’. The word comes from Latin rīvālis, a noun use of an adjective meaning ‘of a stream’, derived from rīvus ‘stream’ (source of English derive). People who use or live by the same stream are neighbours and hence, human nature being as it is, are usually in competition with each other – hence rival.
- rival (n.)
- 1570s, from Latin rivalis "a rival, adversary in love; neighbor," originally, "of the same brook," from rivus "brook" (see rivulet). "One who is in pursuit of the same object as another." The sense evolution seems to be based on the competitiveness of neighbors: "one who uses the same stream," or "one on the opposite side of the stream" A secondary sense in Latin and sometimes in English was "associate, companion in duty," from the notion of "one having a common right or privilege with another." As an adjective 1580s from the noun.
- rival (v.)
- c. 1600, from rival (n.). Related: Rivaled; rivaling.
- 1. Leaders of some rival factions signed a peace agreement last week.
- 2. The national tragedy of rival groups killing each other continued throughout 1990.
- 3. He polled four times as many votes as his rival.
- 4. That would make the competition between rival suppliers even deadlier.
- 5. Violent scuffles broke out between rival groups demonstrating for and against independence.
[ rival 造句 ]