基督十二门徒之一，常用人名。来自拉丁语Petrus,石头，词源同petrology,petroleum.常见于习语rob Peter to pay Paul,拆东墙补西墙，字面意思即拆了圣彼得的教堂去建圣保罗的教堂。peter 逐渐减少
- masc. proper name, 12c., from Old English Petrus (genitive Pet(e)res, dative Pet(e)re), from Latin Petrus, from Greek Petros, literally "stone, rock," translation of Syriac kefa "stone" (Latinized as Cephas), nickname Jesus gave to apostle Simon Bar-Jona (Matt. xvi:17), historically known as St. Peter, and consequently a popular name among Christians (Italian Pietro, Spanish and Portuguese Pedro, Old French Pierres, French Pierre, etc.). Slang for "penis" is attested from 1902, probably from identity of first syllable.
The common form of this very common name in medieval England was Peres (Anglo-French Piers), hence surnames Pierce, Pearson, etc. Among the diminutive forms were Parkin and Perkin. To rob Peter to pay Paul (1510s, also in early 17c. French as descouvrir S. Pierre pour couvrir S. Pol) might be a reference to the many churches dedicated to those two saints, and have sprung from the fairly common practice of building or enriching one church with the ruins or revenues of another. But the alliterative pairing of the two names is attested from c. 1400 with no obvious connection to the saints:
Sum medicyne is for peter þat is not good for poul, for þe diuersite of complexioun. [Lanfranc's "Chirurgia Magna," English translation]
- peter (v.)
- "cease, stop," 1812, of uncertain origin. To peter out "become exhausted," is 1846 as miners' slang. Related: Petered; petering.
- 1. Anne struggled to help Peter and Zara with their prep.
- 2. She was planning to announce her engagement to Peter.
- 3. My object was to publish a scholarly work on Peter Mourne.
- 4. "But Peter, it's not that simple," Goldstone countered in a firm voice.
- 5. Peter Ward is a seismologist with the US Geological Survey.
[ Peter 造句 ]