英 ['mædʒɪstrət; -streɪt]
CET6 IELTS 考 研
- magistrate:  By far the most widely used contributions of Latin magister ‘master’ to English are the heavily disguised master and mister, but more obvious derivatives have made the trip too. The late Latin adjective magisterius ‘of a master’, modified through medieval Latin magisteriālis, has given us magisterial ; and magistrātus, source of English magistrate, denoted a ‘state official’ in ancient Rome.
=> master, mister
- magistrate (n.)
- late 14c., "civil officer in charge of administering laws," from Old French magistrat, from Latin magistratus "a magistrate, public functionary," originally "magisterial rank or office," from magistrare "serve as a magistrate," from magister "chief, director" (see master). Related: Magistracy.
- 1. He was wanted for the murder of a magistrate.
- 2. The crown court, however, upheld the magistrate's decision.
- 3. The magistrate committed him to prison for a month.
- 4. The magistrate imposed a fine.
- 5. John was fined 1000 dollars by the magistrate.
[ magistrate 造句 ]