- vt. 烧焦；使枯萎；挖苦
- vi. 烧焦；枯萎
- n. 烧焦；焦痕
TEM4 IELTS GRE CET6
1. 区分：scotch, scorch: scotch => Scotch（n 苏格兰人），曾经被英格兰镇压。scorch => 中间的r既像花儿也像火苗。
可能来自古诺斯语 skorpna,使枯萎，使枯干，来自 Proto-Germanic*skrimp,收缩，来自 PIE*sker, 弯，转，词源同 shrink,shrimp.后引申词义烧焦。
- scorch (v.)
- "to burn superficially or slightly, but so as to change the color or injure the texture," early 14c., perhaps an alteration of scorrcnenn "make dry, parch" (c. 1200), of obscure origin, perhaps from Old Norse skorpna "to be shriveled," cognate with Old English scrimman "to shrink, dry up." Or perhaps from Old French escorchier "to strip off the skin," from Vulgar Latin excorticare "to flay," from ex- (see ex-) + Latin cortex (genitive corticis) "cork;" but OED finds this not likely. Scorched earth military strategy is 1937, translation of Chinese jiaotu, used against the Japanese in a bid to stem their advance into China.
- 1. The leaves are inclined to scorch in hot sunshine.
- 2. If any of the spray goes onto the lawn it will scorch the grass.
- 3. I could not wash away the mark of the scorch.
- 4. This material will scorch easily if it is too near the fire.
- 5. Young drivers often scorch on the street.
[ scorch 造句 ]