来自拉丁短语carne levare（同lever, 举起）, 把肉收起来，绝食。原指基督教40天大斋期前的狂欢，后俗化为carne vale, 与肉说再见，-val, 力量，词源同value, valediction(临别致辞，祝好，再见)。
- carnival:  Etymologically, carnival means ‘raising flesh’ – that is, the ‘removal of meat’ from the diet during Lent (carnival was originally a period of merrymaking preceding Lent). It comes from medieval Latin carnelevāmen, a compound noun made up of carō ‘flesh’ (source of English carnal) and levāmen, a derivative of the verb levāre ‘lighten, raise’ (source of English lever, levity, and levy).
=> carnal, carrion, lever, levy
- carnival (n.)
- 1540s, "time of merrymaking before Lent," from French carnaval, from Italian carnevale "Shrove Tuesday," from older Italian forms such as Milanese *carnelevale, Old Pisan carnelevare "to remove meat," literally "raising flesh," from Latin caro "flesh" (see carnage) + levare "lighten, raise, remove" (see lever (n.)). Folk etymology is from Medieval Latin carne vale " 'flesh, farewell!' " Meaning "a circus or fair" is attested by 1931 in North America.
- 1. The avenues lined with jacaranda trees burst into a carnival of purple.
- 2. The countdown to the Notting Hill Carnival is in its final hours.
- 3. Towards evening the carnival entered its final stage.
- 4. It's like one enormous street carnival here.
- 5. There is a local carnival every year.
[ carnival 造句 ]