CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. cat- + egor- "declaim (in the assembly)" + -y.
2. 其本意为：speak against, accuse, assert, predicate.
3. Original sense of "accuse" weakened to "assert, name" by the time Aristotle applied kategoria to his 10 classes of things that can be named.
cata-, 向下，相对。-agora, 广场，公开说，公开演讲，见allegory, 寓言。原指在广场发表演讲，叙述。后古希腊哲学家亚里士多德用该词描述类别，种类，使之固定为现在的词义。
- category:  The word category has a rather complicated semantic history. It comes ultimately from Greek katēgorein ‘accuse’, a compound formed from the prefix katá- ‘against’ and agorá ‘public assembly’ (source of English agoraphobia and related to gregarious) – hence ‘speak against publicly’. ‘Accuse’ gradually became weakened in meaning to ‘assert, name’, and the derived noun katēgoríā was applied by Aristotle to the enumeration of all classes of things that can be named – hence ‘category’. The word reached English via late Latin catēgoria or French catégorie.
=> agoraphobia, gregarious, panegyric
- category (n.)
- 1580s, from Middle French catégorie, from Late Latin categoria, from Greek kategoria "accusation, prediction, category," verbal noun from kategorein "to speak against; to accuse, assert, predicate," from kata "down to" (or perhaps "against;" see cata-) + agoreuein "to harangue, to declaim (in the assembly)," from agora "public assembly" (see agora). Original sense of "accuse" weakened to "assert, name" by the time Aristotle applied kategoria to his 10 classes of things that can be named.
category should be used by no-one who is not prepared to state (1) that he does not mean class, & (2) that he knows the difference between the two .... [Fowler]
- 1. The judges could not decide which category it belonged in.
- 2. Designer wedding dresses make wedding fashion a separate category from mainstream fashion.
- 3. Over the decade, women in this category went up by 120%.
- 4. This book clearly falls into the category of fictionalised autobiography.
- 5. Students over 25 fall into a different category .
[ category 造句 ]