- n. 自己，自我；本质；私心
- adj. 同一的
- vt. 使自花授精；使近亲繁殖
- vi. 自花授精
- n. (Self)人名；(英)塞尔夫
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 self,自己，自身，来自 Proto-Germanic*selbaz,自己，来自 PIE*sel-bho,扩大形式 于*swe,自身，反身代词根，词源同 swain,custom.
- self: [OE] Self is a general Germanic word, closely related to German selbe, Dutch zelf, Swedish sjelv, and Danish selv. These all point back to a prehistoric Germanic *selba-. Where this came from is not known for certain, although it seems likely to be related in some way to various pronouns denoting ‘oneself’, such as German sich and French se. According to John Hacket in his Scrinia reserata 1693, the word selfish was coined in the early 1640s by the Presbyterians.
- self (pron.)
- Old English self, seolf, sylf "one's own person, -self; own, same," from Proto-Germanic *selbaz (cognates: Old Norse sjalfr, Old Frisian self, Dutch zelf, Old High German selb, German selb, selbst, Gothic silba), Proto-Germanic *selbaz "self," from PIE *sel-bho-, suffixed form of root *s(w)e-, pronoun of the third person and reflexive (referring back to the subject of a sentence), also used in forms denoting the speaker's social group, "(we our-)selves" (see idiom).
Trying to define yourself is like trying to bite your own teeth. [Alan Watts]
Its use in compounds to form reflexive pronouns grew out of independent use in Old English. As a noun from early 14c.
- 1. He has never exhibited the self-confidence, bordering on arrogance, of his predecessor.
- 2. I felt so self-conscious under Luke's mother's intense gaze.
- 3. She has now changed into a happy, self-confident woman.
- 4. He is being treated for a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
- 5. She summoned up all her pity for him, to smother her self-pity.
[ self 造句 ]