- n. 珠子；滴；念珠
- vi. 形成珠状，起泡
- vt. 用珠装饰；使成串珠状
CET6+ TEM4 IELTS TOEFL CET6
- bead:  The word bead originally meant ‘prayer’. It comes ultimately from Germanic *beth-, source also of English bid. This passed into Old English as gebed, which by the 13th century had lost its prefix to become bede. (German has the parallel gebet ‘prayer’.) The modern sense ‘small pierced decorative ball’ developed in the 14th century, from the use of a string of rosary beads for counting while saying one’s prayers.
- bead (n.)
- mid-14c., bede "prayer bead," from Old English gebed "prayer," with intensive or collective prefix *ge- + Proto-Germanic *bidam "entreaty" (cognates: Middle Dutch bede, Old High German beta, German bitte, Gothic bida "prayer, request"), from PIE *gwhedh- "to ask, pray."
Shift in meaning came via beads threaded on a string to count prayers, and in phrases like to bid one's beads, to count one's beads. German cognate Bitte is the usual word for conversational request "please." Also related to bid (Old English biddan) and Gothic bidjan "to ask, pray." Sense transferred to "drop of liquid" 1590s; to "small knob forming front sight of a gun" 1831 (Kentucky slang); hence draw a bead on "take aim at," 1841, U.S. colloquial.
- bead (v.)
- 1570s, "to adorn with beads," from bead (n.). Meaning "to string like beads" is from 1883. Related: Beaded; beading.
- 1. Her bead necklaces and bracelets jangled as she walked.
- 2. Bead-work, applique and embroidery add a uniquely feminine touch.
- 3. She accidentally swallowed a glass bead.
- 4. The bead is put on the forehead of the dead shepherd ahead of the herd.
- 5. Glass bead gels need not be hydrated prior to use.
[ bead 造句 ]