- n. 衣领；颈圈
- vt. 抓住；给…上领子；给…套上颈圈
- n. (Collar)人名；(法)科拉尔；(西)科利亚尔；(英)科勒
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
来自PIE*kwel, 转，词源同cycle, pole.
- collar:  Etymologically, a collar is simply something worn round one’s ‘neck’. The word comes via Anglo-Norman coler from Latin collāre, which meant ‘necklace’ as well as ‘part of a garment that encircles the neck’ (both senses have come through into English, although the latter has predominated). Collāre was a derivative of collum ‘neck’, which came from an earlier base *kols- that also produced German and Swedish hals ‘neck’.
It has been speculated that it goes back ultimately to Indo-European *qwelo- ‘go round’, the root from which we get English wheel – the underlying notion being that the neck is that on which the head turns.
=> décolleté, hauberk, wheel
- collar (n.)
- c. 1300, "neck armor, gorget," from Old French coler "neck, collar" (12c., Modern French collier), from Latin collare "necklace, band or chain for the neck," from collum "the neck," from PIE *kwol-o- "neck" (cognates: Old Norse and Middle Dutch hals "neck"), literally "that on which the head turns," from root *kwel- (1) "move round, turn about" (see cycle (n.)). Late 14c. as "border at the neck of a garment."
- collar (v.)
- 1550s, "to grab (someone) by the collar or neck," from collar (n.). Meaning "to capture" is attested from 1610s. Related: Collared; collaring. As a past participle adjective, collared "wearing a collar" is from late 14c.
- 1. Mike kept snatching him up by the collar and jerking him up.
- 2. I stepped outside and pulled up my collar against the cold mist.
- 3. He wore a plain blue shirt, open at the collar.
- 4. The collar was embroidered with very small red strawberries.
- 5. He buttoned his collar tightly round his thick neck.
[ collar 造句 ]