英 [tə:k] 美
  • n. 土耳其马;土耳其人
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Turk 土耳其人,突厥人

来自古法语 Turc,来自土耳其语 Turk,土耳其,来自古土耳其语*turi,根,民族,祖先,词源同 汉语突厥。

Turk (n.)
c. 1300, from French Turc, from Medieval Latin Turcus, from Byzantine Greek Tourkos, Persian turk, a national name, of unknown origin. Said to mean "strength" in Turkish. Compare Chinese tu-kin, recorded from c. 177 B.C.E. as the name of a people living south of the Altai Mountains (identified by some with the Huns). In Persian, turk, in addition to the national name, also could mean "a beautiful youth," "a barbarian," "a robber."

In English, the Ottoman sultan was the Grand Turk (late 15c.), and the Turk was used collectively for the Turkish people or for Ottoman power (late 15c.). From 14c. and especially 16c.-18c. Turk could mean "a Muslim," reflecting the Turkish political power's status in the Western mind as the Muslim nation par excellence. Hence Turkery "Islam" (1580s); turn Turk "convert to Islam."

Meaning "person of Irish descent" is first recorded 1914 in U.S., apparently originating among Irish-Americans; of unknown origin (Irish torc "boar, hog" has been suggested). Young Turk (1908) was a member of an early 20c. political group in the Ottoman Empire that sought rejuvenation of the Turkish nation. Turkish bath is attested from 1640s; Turkish delight from 1877.
1. He was a Turk living in Palestine.


2. That we'll have to give the Turk his deal.


3. Clemenza said dryly, " The Turk has heard about his spy Paulie Gatto. "
克莱门扎不动声色他说: “ 那个‘土耳其人’显然已经知道了他的奸细鲍里-嘎吐的下场了. ”


4. Why, this silky , smooth - faced companion is a very Turk - all but his beard.
嘿, 这个表面上温文尔雅的伙计是一个地地道道的土耳其种 ― ―除开胡子以外全都象.


5. You make your brother out a regular Turk.


[ Turk 造句 ]