CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1、com- "intensive prefix" + -plain-.
2、originally "beat the breast, lament (by beating the breast)". => 抱怨，诉苦，发牢骚。
com-, 强调。-plag, 击打，词源同plague, plangent.指捶胸顿足的，抱怨的。
- complain:  Complain goes back to the Latin in verb plangere, source also of English plangent. This was formed on a prehistoric base *plak- (from which we also get plankton), and it originally meant ‘hit’. Its meaning developed metaphorically through ‘beat one’s breast’ to ‘lament’, and in medieval Latin it was combined with the intensive prefix com- to produce complangere. When it entered English via Old French complaindre it still meant ‘lament’, and although this sense had died out by about 1700, traces of it remain in ‘complain of’ a particular illness. Complaint  came from Old French complainte.
=> plangent, plankton
- complain (v.)
- late 14c., "find fault, lament," from stem of Old French complaindre "to lament" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *complangere, originally "to beat the breast," from Latin com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + plangere "to strike, beat the breast" (see plague (n.)). Older sense of "lament" died out 17c. Related: Complained; complaining.
- 1. If you're not satisfied with the life you're living, don't just complain. Do something about it.
- 2. Faculty members complain that their students are unprepared to do college-level work.
- 3. He came to complain about the volume of the music.
- 4. People usually complain about having to deal with too much bureaucracy.
- 5. If you are not happy about a repair, go back and complain.
[ complain 造句 ]