CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. con- "together" + tin- + -ent.
2. => hold together, keep together, enclose.
4. continent (n.): 取第一种引申义，表示：continuous land. 表示连续的一片陆地；由此引申义：large land mass.
5. from continent land, translating Latin terra continens "continuous land".
6. continent (adj.): 取第二种引申义。
con-, 强调。-tin, 持，握，词源同contain, tenable. 即一块未分割的土地，大陆。
- continent:  Continent comes via Old French from Latin continēns, the present participle of continēre ‘hold together, enclose, contain’ (source of English contain). From the beginning it meant in general ‘exercising self-restraint’; of the more specific senses, ‘chaste’ developed in the 14th century and ‘able to retain urine and faeces’ apparently in the early 19th century.
The word’s noun use developed from the Latin phrase terra continēns ‘continuous land’ (for this sense of Latin continēre see CONTINUE). It was at first applied in the 16th century to any large continuous expanse of territory, and from the early 17th century specifically to any of the Earth’s major landmasses (the English use of ‘the Continent’ for mainland Europe is roughly contemporary with this).
=> contain, content, continue, countenance
- continent (adj.)
- late 14c., "self-restraining," from Old French continent and directly from Latin continentem (nominative continens) "holding together, continuous," present participle of continere "hold together" (see contain). Meaning moved from "exercising self-restraint" to "chaste" 14c., and to bowel and bladder control 19c.
- continent (n.)
- "large land mass," 1550s, from continent land (mid-15c.), translating Latin terra continens "continuous land," from continens, present participle of continere (see continent (adj.)).
- 1. Its shops are among the most stylish on the Continent.
- 2. The title track is a pointed meditation on a continent gone wrong.
- 3. The American continent's geography severely limited the lines of attack.
- 4. We import an incredible amount of cheese from the Continent.
- 5. Natural disasters have obvi-ously contributed to the continent's economic crisis.
[ continent 造句 ]