CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自PIE*pa, 喂食，喂养，词源同fodder, pasture, company.
- food: [OE] Food and its Germanic relatives, German futter ‘fodder’, Dutch voedsel ‘food’, and Swedish föda ‘food’, all go back ultimately to a prehistoric Indo-European base *pā-, *pī-, which also produced Latin pābulum ‘fodder’, Russian pisca ‘food’, and Czech pice ‘fodder’. The immediate source of all the Germanic forms was *fōth-, which had two important derivatives: *fōthram, which gave English fodder [OE] and (via Old French) forage  and foray  (etymologically probably a ‘search for food’); and *fōstrom, source of English foster.
=> feed, fodder, forage, foray, foster
- food (n.)
- Middle English foode, fode, from Old English foda "food, nourishment; fuel," also figurative, from Proto-Germanic *fodon (cognates: Swedish föda, Danish föde, Gothic fodeins), from Germanic *fod- "food," from PIE *pat-, extended form of root *pa- "to tend, keep, pasture, to protect, to guard, to feed" (cognates: Greek pateisthai "to feed;" Latin pabulum "food, fodder," panis "bread," pasci "to feed," pascare "to graze, pasture, feed," pastor "shepherd," literally "feeder;" Avestan pitu- "food;" Old Church Slavonic pasti "feed cattle, pasture;" Russian pishcha "food").
Food-chain is from 1917. Food-poisoning attested by 1864; food-processor in the kitchen appliance sense from 1973; food-stamp (n.) is from 1962.
- 1. The word " food " may connote " greed ".
- “ food ” 这个词可以含有 “ 贪婪 ” 的意思.
- 2. Megamalls and fast food restaurants line the highway system.
- 3. Wash your hands thoroughly with hot soapy water before handling any food.
- 4. The shallow sea bed yields up an abundance of food.
- 5. Many are orphans, their parents killed as they scavenged for food.
[ food 造句 ]