- adj. 陡峭的；不合理的；夸大的；急剧升降的
- vt. 泡；浸；使…充满
- vi. 泡；沉浸
- n. 峭壁；浸渍
CET4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自古英语 steap,高耸的，深的，突出的，来自 Proto-Germanic*staupaz,高的，深的，来自 PIE*steup,扩大形式自 steu,推，击，打，刺，词源同 stoop,study,type.引申词义陡峭的，急剧 的等。
- steep: English has two words steep. The adjective, ‘precipitous’ [OE], originally meant ‘very high’. It came from the prehistoric Germanic base *staup-, *stūp-, which also produced English steeple [OE] (etymologically a ‘high’ tower) and stoop [OE]. The verb steep ‘soak’  probably came via an unrecorded Old English *stīepan from prehistoric Germanic *staupjan. This was formed from the base *staup-, *stup-, which also produced English stoup ‘water vessel’  (a borrowing from Old Norse).
=> steeple, stoop, stoup
- steep (adj.)
- "having a sharp slope," Old English steap "high, lofty; deep; prominent, projecting," from Proto-Germanic *staupaz (cognates: Old Frisian stap "high, lofty," Middle High German *stouf), from PIE *steup-, extended form of root *(s)teu- (1) "to push, stick, knock, beat," with derivations referring to projecting objects (cognates: Greek typtein "to strike," typos "a blow, mold, die;" Sanskrit tup- "harm," tundate "pushes, stabs;" Gothic stautan "push;" Old Norse stuttr "short"). The sense of "precipitous" is from c. 1200. The slang sense "at a high price" is a U.S. coinage first attested 1856. Related: Steeply; steepness. The noun meaning "steep place" is from 1550s.
- steep (v.)
- "to soak in a liquid," early 14c., of uncertain origin, originally in reference to barley or malt, probably cognate with Old Norse steypa "to pour out, throw" (perhaps from an unrecorded Old English cognate), from Proto-Germanic *staupijanan. Related: Steeped; steeping.
- 1. She started once again on the steep upward climb.
- 2. Both he and the crew are on a steep learning curve.
- 3. San Francisco is built on 40 hills and some are very steep.
- 4. The Newton Hotel is halfway up a steep hill.
- 5. The men had to slog up a steep muddy incline.
[ steep 造句 ]