- n. 闹剧；胡闹；笑剧
- n. (Farce)人名；(法)法尔斯
TEM8 GRE TOEFL
farce 滑稽戏 “卓别林发誓要演好滑稽戏”
1. forcemeat, infarct => farce "force-meat, stuffing".
2. An earlier sense of ‘forcemeat stuffing’ became used metaphorically for comic interludes ‘stuffed’ into the texts of religious plays, which led to the current usage.
来自拉丁语farcire, 塞进，填塞，词源同force-meat. 可能来自PIE*ger, 塞，充满，词源同cram, crowd. 后用于指大杂烩，闹剧。
- farce:  Farce originally meant ‘stuff’ (widening gastronomic knowledge in the late 20th century has made us more familiar with its French cousin farcir ‘stuff’, and the force- of forcemeat  is the same word). It came via Old French farsir from Latin farcīre ‘stuff’. The Latin verb was used in the Middle Ages for the notion of inserting additional passages into the text of the Mass, and hence to padding out any text. A particular application was the insertion of impromptu, usually comical interludes into religious plays, which had led by the 16th century to something approaching the modern meaning of farce.
- farce (n.)
- late 14c., "force-meat, stuffing;" 1520s, in the dramatic sense "ludicrous satire; low comedy," from Middle French farce "comic interlude in a mystery play" (16c.), literally "stuffing," from Old French farcir "to stuff," (13c.), from Latin farcire "to stuff, cram," which is of uncertain origin, perhaps from PIE *bhrekw- "to cram together," and thus related to frequens "crowded."
... for a farce is that in poetry which grotesque is in a picture. The persons and action of a farce are all unnatural, and the manners false, that is, inconsisting with the characters of mankind. [Dryden, "A Parallel of Poetry and Painting"]
According to OED and other sources, the pseudo-Latin farsia was applied 13c. in France and England to praise phrases inserted into liturgical formulae (for example between kyrie and eleison) at the principal festivals, then in Old French farce was extended to the impromptu buffoonery among actors that was a feature of religious stage plays. Generalized sense of "a ridiculous sham" is from 1690s in English.
- 1. The plot often borders on farce.
- 2. The elections have been reduced to a farce.
- 3. The story has elements of tragedy and farce.
- 4. They played a shameful [ despicable ] role in this farce.
- 他们在这场闹剧中扮演了可耻 [ 鄙 ] 的角色.
- 5. Our school dramas tend towards comedy and farce.
[ farce 造句 ]