CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
de-, 向下，离开。-fend, 击，打，词源同bane, offend. 即击挡开，防御。
- defend:  Defend comes via Old French defendre from Latin dēfendere ‘ward off’, a compound verb formed from the prefix dē- ‘off, away’ and an element that survives elsewhere only in other compound forms (represented in English by offend). It has been suggested that this is related to Sanskrit han- ‘strike’ and Old English gūth ‘battle’, and that it can be traced ultimately to a prehistoric Indo-European *gwendh-.
Defend had not long become established in English when it produced the offspring fend, dispensing with the first syllable. This in turn formed the basis of the derivatives fender  and forfend . Fence likewise comes from defence.
=> fence, fend
- defend (v.)
- mid-13c., from Old French defendre (12c.) "defend, resist," and directly from Latin defendere "ward off, protect, guard, allege in defense," from de- "from, away" (see de-) + -fendere "to strike, push," from PIE root *gwhen- "to strike, kill" (see bane). In the Mercian hymns, Latin defendet is glossed by Old English gescildeð. Related: Defended; defending.
- 1. Those people who took up weapons to defend themselves are political prisoners.
- 2. Torrence expects to defend her title successfully in the next Olympics.
- 3. Every man who could fight was now committed to defend the ridge.
- 4. They are ready to defend themselves against Uncle Sam's imperialist policies.
- 5. To argue otherwise is trying to defend the indefensible.
[ defend 造句 ]